quinta-feira, 22 de dezembro de 2016

Wolff sobre Kant

Robert Paul Wolff On Immanuel Kant’s The Critique of Pure Reason

Professor Robert Paul Wolff is an anarchist in politics and Marxist in economics.

But a Professor who is devoted to anarchism and Marxism is, in my view, qualified for elucidating Immanuel Kant’s philosophical system. After all, Kant’s ideas are the basis on which the structure of Marxism and anarchism is built.

I find Wolff's lecture series on Kant’s The Critique of Pure Reason very interesting and informative. In these lectures Wolff explores not only Kant’s ideas but also the range of philosophical disputes that Kant was trying to grapple with.

Kant lived in a period in which epistemology had replaced metaphysics as the world’s first philosophy. For more than two hundreds years before Kant the leading philosophers of Europe had been trying to decipher how the human mind acquires knowledge. Wolff draws a connection between Kant and the epistemological ideas of Descartes, Locke, Newton, Leibniz, and Hume.

In the time of Kant a dispute was razing across Europe between the continental rationalists like Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz, and the British empiricists like Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. Wolff says that as Kant looked into this philosophical dispute, he dove so deep into the depths of human knowledge that he emerged from it, not as Immanuel Kant the professor of logic, but as Immanuel Kant the world’s leading philosopher.

Wolff is an admirer of Kant; in his lectures he repeatedly points out that he regards The Critique of Pure Reason as the greatest work in philosophy since Aristotle and Plato. In his view Kant is the world’s leading moral philosopher, and he claims that teaching Kant has been the greatest experience of his lifetime.

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