quinta-feira, 31 de janeiro de 2013

Como palestrar melhor

8 Ways to Instantly Improve Your Public Speaking
By Brooke Howell, Monster Contributing Writer

Want to become a top-paid executive? Better work on your public speaking. This highly valued communications skill is also among many people's top fears -- 74% of people suffer from speech anxiety -- but it's one that can be conquered.

Here's how:
  • Prioritize preparation. Showing up prepared is the No. 1 way to calm your nerves going into a public speaking experience, says Ryan Estis, who speaks for a living and wrote about how he calms his nerves in a 2011 blog post. Preparation will also help you to improve the quality of your speaking. "Too often, speakers are not as effective as they could be because they haven't given enough thought or practice to what they really want to say and how they want to say it," says leadership coach Scott Eblin.
  • Alter your outlook. A few years ago Eblin learned how your thoughts about speaking can affect your nerves after getting some good advice from a speaking coach. "He told me to think right before I went on stage, 'Wow, I get to share a message I'm passionate about with a thousand people. How cool is that?'" explains Eblin. "That simple shift of 'I get to share a message' was huge for me. It helped me to view the event as a cool opportunity instead of something to be nervous about."
  • Make peace with quiet. "To calm one's nerves, get comfortable with not speaking," advises communications coach Eileen Sinett. "Allowing oneself the choice of speaking with words or speaking without words -- presence and silence -- is awkward and uncomfortable at first, but freeing and calming in the end. Being silent and noticing one's breath is a key practice to overcoming nervousness."
Once you've calmed your nerves, there are more steps you can take to advance your public speaking skills.
  • Embrace the short and sweet. Talking too long is a common problem with public speakers, says Sinett. "Since the average listening attention span is just 20 minutes, speakers need to embrace 'less is more' and learn how to make those 20 minutes memorable."
  • Embody energy. Eblin recalls a client who gave him the most useful speaking advice of his career when she told him that his job as a speaker was to lead the audience's energy rather than let their energy lead him. "She was absolutely right. Ever since then, I really try to get clear on the level of energy I need to show up with to deliver an effective presentation."
  • Engage in eye contact. Start in your day-to-day life by becoming "a real expert at one-one eye contact within a group," says Sinett. "This is not just looking at a person's eyes but rather looking deeply through the eyes to the essence of the individual. This makes the connection that makes all the difference between speaking at or to an audience, and speaking with an audience."
  • Turn to TED. Watch some of the highest-rated TED talks and learn from the way the speakers handle themselves, advises Eblin. Then "recruit some trusted friends to give you feedback as you practice those techniques."
  • Rinse and repeat. With speaking, "like most things in life, the more you do something, the more work you put into it, the more you study and learn, the better you get," says Estis.
  • MAIS

quarta-feira, 30 de janeiro de 2013

Liberdade de imprensa no Brasil

Brasil cai nove posições em ranking de liberdade de imprensa
O Brasil caiu nove posições no Ranking de Liberdade de Imprensa Mundial de 2013 e agora ocupa a 108ª colocação entre 179 nações. Na lista do ano passado, o país já havia caído 41 posições em relação a 2011.
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Estudar online

Studieren online: Anwesenheitspflicht, adé

Studieren immer und überall: Viele deutsche Dozenten setzen inzwischen aufs Internet - und bieten mehr als nur Vorlesungen im Netz. Professoren twittern, Studenten diskutieren online oder lassen sich fernprüfen, berichtet das Hochschulmagazin "duz". Was noch fehlt, ist ein Geschäftsmodell.

An Deutschlands Hochschulen macht sich Goldgräberstimmung breit. Grund dafür ist ein alter Bekannter: das Internet. Nach jahrelangen E-Learning-Experimenten haben Hochschulen nun die soziale Komponente der Online-Welt für sich entdeckt. Vorlesungen, Seminare, Kurse werden kombiniert mit neuen Medien und sozialen Netzwerken. Das ist nicht nur interaktiv, es könnte auch eine völlig neue Dimension für die Hochschullehre bedeuten.
http://www.spiegel.de/unispiegel/studium/deutsche-hochschulen-online-mehr-als-vorlesung-im-netz-a-879736.html

terça-feira, 29 de janeiro de 2013

Call for papers

Call for Papers

The 30th Annual Conference of the European Association of Law and Economics (EALE) will be held on September 26-28, 2013 in Warsaw, Poland at the University of Warsaw in the Old University Library Building. The conference is arranged by the Polish Association of Law and Economics (PSEAP), in cooperation with the Centre for Economic Analyses of Public Sector at the Faculty of Economic Sciences of the University of Warsaw and Warsaw School of Economics.
Those interested in presenting a paper are invited to submit the paper (at least in its draft form), together with a short abstract, following the online procedure. Priority in selection will be given to completed papers. Papers may be on any topic in or related to Law and Economics including:
Property rights, property law and growth – Antitrust and Regulation – Bankruptcy, Commercial Corporate Law and Corporate Governance – Behavioural Law and Economics – Comparative Law and Economics – Contract Theory and Contract Law – Crime, Deterrence and Criminal Law – Environmental Law and Economics – Experimental Law and Economics – Family Law, Gender, and Discrimination – Health Law – Intellectual Property and Innovation Policy – International Law, International Trade, and Immigration – Labour and Employment Law – Law and Development – Litigation, Dispute Resolution and the Legal Process – Market and Non-market Regulation – Mergers and Acquisitions – Political economy and public choice – Public and Administrative Law – Finance, Securities and Capital Market Regulation – Taxation and Social Welfare – Theory of the Firm (Includes Non-Profits and Government Orgs.) – Tort Law and Compensation Systems.
Emphasis on economic analyses of regulation, including regulatory impact assessment, is particularly welcome.
Authors, who fulfill the eligibility requirements (doctors no more than 2 years from the completion of their academic education) are also invited to enter the competition to win the Goran Skogh Award for the most promising paper presented at the EALE Conference. The winner will receive €1000.
Poster sessions will also be organized during the conference.
Important dates:
  • Paper submission deadline: March 29, 2013
  • Communication of Acceptance: May 30, 2013
  • Final papers due by: July 30, 2013
  • Registration by: August 10, 2013

segunda-feira, 28 de janeiro de 2013

Vagas UNIT


Vinculada à SET–Sociedade de Educação Tiradentes, grupo educacional com mais de 50 anos de atuação na Educação na região Nordeste, a FITS – Faculdade Integrada Tiradentes (Maceió – AL) está selecionando Doutores em Ciências Sociais, Sociologia, Antropologia e Ciência Política, para efetivar uma das ações de  seu planejamento para tornar-se Centro Universitário e em médio/longo prazo, Universidade.

A SET, para ampliar os investimentos em pesquisa e pós-graduação stricto sensu, que já conta com Mestrados em Educação, Saúde e Ambiente, Biotecnologia, Direitos Humanos e Mestrado/Doutorado em Engenharia de Processos em sua Universidade Tiradentes (Aracaju-SE), tem como proposta implantar Mestrado na FITS - Faculdade Integrada Tiradentes (Maceió-AL).

A contratação é imediata: são 40 horas (Dedicação Exclusiva) para cargo de professor Titular, sendo 12h em sala de aula (graduação) e 28 horas para dedicação ao Stricto Sensu e suas atividades inerentes. Até junho/2013 as 40h serão completas para pesquisa e produção com foco na construção de projeto de Mestrado para CAPES. A remuneração inicial é compatível com salário da carreira docente no setor público, além de benefícios como plano de previdência privada e política de qualificação docente.

Interessados podem me encaminhar link do currículo lattes  para análise da Instituição.

Atenciosamente,

Verônica Teixeira Marques, DSc.
Programa de Pós-graduação em Direitos Humanos
----------------------------------------------------------------
Av. Murilo Dantas, 300, NPGD - BL F. Farolândia
Aracaju, SE / CEP 49032-490
Fone: 55-79-3218-2115/ 55-79-8809-1377

E = mc2


Sir Isaac Newton – perhaps the greatest scientific mind that ever applied itself to the mysteries of our universe – once famously stated that his paradigm-changing contributions to science had only been possible because he had stood “on the shoulders of giants.” It was in this way that he showed his indebtedness to the intellectual labors of those who had preceded him and paved the way for his own revolutionary discoveries.
Not even the most brilliant or hermitic researcher truly works alone, and every scientist – just like every artist or author – inevitably finds inspiration in the works of their intellectual peers, past and present.
It should perhaps come as no surprise then, that a new study indicates one of Einstein’s most profound discoveries may not have been entirely his own.
According to two American physicists, the world’s most famous and elegant equation, E = mc2 may have its origins in an obscure Austrian physicist named Friedrich Hasenöhrl.

domingo, 27 de janeiro de 2013

Escola


School Is Bad for Children

 
  
This is excerpted from The Underachieving School by John Holt. Reprinted with permission from Sentient Publications.
Almost every child, on the first day he sets foot in a school building, is smarter, more curious, less afraid of what he doesn't know, better at finding and figuring things out, and more confident, resourceful, persistent and independent than he will ever be again in his schooling – or, unless he is very unusual and very lucky, for the rest of his life. 

quarta-feira, 23 de janeiro de 2013

Vida em luxo com 40 euros por mês

Ein Leben im Luxus – mit nur 40 Euro im Monat

Ein Hamburger lebt ein erstaunliches Leben, quasi ohne Geld: wohnen auf einem Hof, Reisen durch Europa, Rolex und Roquefort. Möglich macht das die Wegwerfgesellschaft – und auch das Internet. Von

Pesquisa errada

The Statistical Puzzle Over How Much Biomedical Research is Wrong

The claim that most biomedical research is wrong is being challenged by a new result suggesting that only 14 per cent is wrong 
One of the most controversial ideas in modern science is that most biomedical research is wrong. The argument was first put forward by John Ioannidis at the University of Ioannina in Greece in 2005.
He argues that most biomedical studies have a low chance of success even before they begin. That’s because of the way they are conceived and designed, with factors such as small sample sizes, various biases and so on, all playing a part. So researchers end up testing far more false hypotheses than true ones, he says...
That most biomedical research cannot be reproduced is increasingly seen by many pharmaceutical companies as a costly commercial reality of science.
That’s unlikely to change on the basis of Jager and Leek’s work. The question remains of why so much research cannot be reproduced later. It is one that clearly needs to be better understood.

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terça-feira, 22 de janeiro de 2013

Economia de obrigado

Piers Morgan Tonight - Gary Vaynerchuk- Thank You Economy Interview
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JaJUhVY1URk

Tom Woods sobre a Igreja Católica

A Igreja Católica: Construtora da Civilização - Introdução
com subtítulos em Português
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=t6bnO7N1AMU

Obama - mais quatro anos

37 Statistics Which Show How Four Years Of Obama Have Wrecked The U.S. Economy

1. During Obama's first term, the number of Americans on food stamps increased by an average of about 11,000 per day.
2. At the beginning of the Obama era, 32 million Americans were on food stamps. Today, more than 47 million Americans are on food stamps.
3. According to one calculation, the number of Americans on food stamps now exceeds the combined populations of "Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming."
4. The number of Americans receiving money directly from the federal government each month has grown from 94 million in the year 2000 to more than 128 million today.
5. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, more than 146 million Americans are either "poor" or "low income" at this point.
6. The unemployment rate in the United States is exactly where it was (7.8 percent) when Barack Obama first entered the White House in January 2009.
7. When Barack Obama first entered the White House, 60.6 percent of all working age Americans had a job. Today, only 58.6 percent of all working age Americans have a job.
8. During the first four years of Obama, the number of Americans "not in the labor force" soared by an astounding 8,332,000. That far exceeds any previous four year total.
9. During Obama's first term, the number of Americans collecting federal disability insurance rose by more than 18 percent.
10. The Obama years have been absolutely devastating for small businesses in America. According to economist Tim Kane, the following is how the number of startup jobs per 1000 Americans breaks down by presidential administration...
Bush Sr.: 11.3
Clinton: 11.2
Bush Jr.: 10.8
Obama: 7.8
11. Median household income in America has fallen for four consecutive years. Overall, it has declined by over $4000 during that time span.
12. The economy is not producing nearly enough jobs for the hordes of young people now entering the workforce. Approximately 53 percent of all U.S. college graduates under the age of 25 were either unemployed or underemployed in 2011.
13. According to a report from the National Employment Law Project, 58 percent of the jobs that have been created since the end of the recession have been low paying jobs.
14. Back in 2007, about 28 percent of all working families were considered to be among "the working poor". Today, that number is up to 32 percent even though our politicians tell us that the economy is supposedly recovering.
15. According to the Center for Economic and Policy Research, only 24.6 percent of all of the jobs in the United States are "good jobs" at this point.
16. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the middle class is taking home a smaller share of the overall income pie than has ever been recorded before.
17. According to the Economic Policy Institute, the United States is losing half a million jobs to China every single year.
18. The United States has fallen in the global economic competitiveness rankings compiled by the World Economic Forum for four years in a row.
19. According to the World Bank, U.S. GDP accounted for 31.8 percent of all global economic activity in 2001. That number declined steadily over the course of the next decade and was only at 21.6 percent in 2011.
20. The United States actually has plenty of oil and we should not have to import oil from the Middle East. We need to drill for more oil, but Obama has been very hesitant to do that. Under Bill Clinton, the number of drilling permits approved rose by 58 percent. Under George W. Bush, the number of drilling permits approved rose by 116 percent. Under Barack Obama, the number of drilling permits approved actually decreased by 36 percent.
21. When Barack Obama took office, the average price of a gallon of gasoline was $1.84. Today, the average price of a gallon of gasoline is $3.26.
22. Under Barack Obama, the United States has lost more than 300,000 education jobs.
23. For the first time ever, more than a million public school students in the United States are homeless. That number has risen by 57 percent since the 2006-2007 school year.
24. Families that have a head of household under the age of 30 now have a poverty rate of 37 percent.
25. More than three times as many new homes were sold in the United States in 2005 as were sold in 2012.
26. Electricity bills in the United States have risen faster than the overall rate of inflation for five years in a row.
27. Health insurance costs have risen by 29 percent since Barack Obama became president.
28. Today, 77 percent of all Americans live paycheck to paycheck at least part of the time.
29. It is being projected that Obamacare will add 16 million more Americans to the Medicaid rolls.
30. The total amount of money that the federal government gives directly to the American people has grown by 32 percent since Barack Obama became president.
31. The Obama administration has been spending money on some of the most insane things imaginable. For example, in 2011 the Obama administration spent $592,527 on a study that sought to figure out once and for all why chimpanzees throw poop.
32. U.S. taxpayers spend more than 20 times as much on the Obamas as British taxpayers spend on the royal family.
33. The U.S. government has run a budget deficit of well over a trillion dollars every single year under Barack Obama.
34. When Barack Obama was first elected, the U.S. debt to GDP ratio was under 70 percent. Today, it is up to 103 percent.
35. During Obama's first term, the federal government accumulated more debt than it did under the first 42 U.S presidents combined.
36. As I wrote about yesterday, when you break it down the amount of new debt accumulated by the U.S. government during Obama's first term comes to approximately $50,521 for every single household in the United States. Are you ready to contribute your share?
37. If you started paying off just the new debt that the U.S. has accumulated during the Obama administration at the rate of one dollar per second, it would take more than 184,000 years to pay it off.
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Hélio Beltrão sobre o papel do estado

Só descobriremos se o estado é bom ou não se a iniciativa privada puder competir com ele
Qual deve ser o papel do Estado?
Em tese, nenhum. Se o estado é bom no que se propõe, qual o motivo de não permitir que isso seja feito de forma voluntária e não obrigatória? Se ele (estado) é um bom provedor de um determinado serviço, seja ele qual for, então não precisa colocar na cadeia quem compita com ele. Eu acho que o estado pode fazer tudo e também pode não fazer nada, mas só descobriremos se o estado é bom ou não se permitirmos que a iniciativa privada possa fazer o mesmo bem ou serviço em igualdade de condições. É preciso também que o estado não use o dinheiro tomado à força da população [impostos] para fazer tal bem ou serviço, o que configura um privilégio gigantesco em relação à iniciativa privada e é, claramente, pouco produtivo.
E como ficam funções tipicamente de Estado, como Forças Armadas, polícia e Justiça? Como funcionaria uma sociedade ou comunidade com várias justiças, exércitos e polícias?
Já existem várias justiças e polícias. No Brasil, temos a Justiça estatal e a Justiça arbitral, que é totalmente privada. As duas convivem. Em um enorme número de casos você pode escolher com qual Justiça trabalhar — e não aconteceu nenhum caos, pelo contrário. Já falamos anteriormente dos tribunais privados que tratam de questões envolvendo dois países de maneira muito mais eficiente e barata que os tribunais estatais. Quanto à polícia, é mais ou menos parecido. Há várias empresas de segurança operando no Brasil. Todos os grandes shoppings contratam segurança privada que tem jurisdição para operarem lá dentro e nada disso implica no caos.
Se o indivíduo pudesse escolher a empresa de segurança com a qual ele gostaria de trabalhar, isso traria um incentivo gigantesco para que houvesse melhora do serviço. Hoje, somos obrigados a usar um serviço pago, muito caro aliás, que é péssimo. É péssimo porque não podemos trocar. Por isso, achamos que a rua é terra de ninguém e o sentimento é outro dentro de um shopping, por exemplo.

Qual é o modelo que vigora hoje no Brasil? 
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segunda-feira, 21 de janeiro de 2013

Como funciona ciência natural (física) de verdade

O papel da dúvida e do erro
Kolloquiumstag der Studierenden der Physik an der Universität Bayreuth. "Wir irren uns empor... oder warum ist die Physik so erfolgreich?" Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Harald Lesch im Audimax der Universität Bayreuth.
http://studinfo.physik.uni-bayreuth.de
http://www.physik.uni-bayreuth.de
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u29--YNGMyg

O papel do governo

Ron Paul explica
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjBoAQw7bgo

Taleb sobre "anti-fragilidade"

Entrevista com Nassim Taleb
Taleb drew wide attention after the 2007 publication of The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable, which warned that our institutions and risk models aren't designed to account for rare and catastrophic events. Among other things, the book cautioned that oversized and unaccountable banks using flawed investment models could bring on a financial crisis. He also warned that the government-sanctioned housing finance agencies, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, were sitting on a "barrel of dynamite."
One year after The Black Swan was published, a global banking crisis was brought on by the very factors he identified.Nassim Nicholas Taleb (PHOTO CREDIT: Sarah Josephine)
Taleb doesn't identify as a libertarian, but he often sounds like one. He has argued that we need to build a society where major actors have "skin in the game" and our public intellectuals can bloviate without subjecting the rest of us to the consequences of their bad ideas. He supported Ron Paul in the 2012 presidential election and has cited the libertarian economist Friedrich Hayek as an influence.
Taleb has called New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman "vile and harmful" and coined the phrase the "Stiglitz Syndrome" after Nobel-prize winning economist Joseph Stiglitz, which refers to the phenomenon of public intellectuals being held utterly unaccountable for their bad predictions. Paul Krugman and Paul Samuelson are among Taleb's other Nobel laureate bête noires.
Antifragile: Things That Gain from DisorderTaleb's new book is Antifragile: Things that Gain with Disorder, which argues that in order to create robust institutions we must allow them to build resilience through adversity. The essence of capitalism, he argues, is encouraging failure, not rewarding success.
Reason's Nick Gillespie sat down with Taleb for a wide-ranging discussion about why debt leads to fragility (5:16); the importance of "skin in the game" to a properly functioning financial system (10:45); why large banks should be nationalized (21:47); why technology won't rule the future (24:20); the value of studying the classics (26:09); his intellectual adversaries (33:30); why removing things is often the best way to solve problems (36:50); his intellectual influences (39:10); why capitalism is more about disincentives than incentives (43:10); why large, centralized states are prone to fail (44:50); his libertarianism (47:30); and why he'll never take writing advice from "some academic at Cambridge who sold 2,200 copies" (51:49).
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Obama`s guerra contra a realidade

Obama declares war on reality
"Reality: your ass is grass!"
When George W Bush declared war on an abstract noun – "Terror" – he was widely and inevitably mocked by the left for his foolishness. Not to be outdone, Barack Obama has used his second inaugural address to declare war on an even more nebulous threat to the security of the world: reality, itself.
Here's how he put it in his inaugural address: (H/T Theo Spleenventer; Bishop Hill)
We will respond to the threat of climate change, knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future generations. Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
The first sentence is a blatant untruth. Concerted global action so far to deal with the threat of climate change has resulted in: higher energy prices; more deaths from fuel poverty; more intrusive regulation; the destruction of rainforests and the squandering of agricultural land on biofuels; higher food prices; famine and food riots – as a result partly of the drive for biofuels; the entrenchment of corporatism and rent-seeking to the detriment of free markets; the ravaging of the countryside with ugly solar farms and even uglier wind turbines; the deaths of millions of birds and bats; the great recession. How any of this has in any way benefited either our children (who are going to find it far harder to find a job) or future generations is a complete mystery.
The second sentence is a devious combination of the junk factoid and the non sequitur.
That "overwhelming judgement of science" is a reference to the comprehensively discredited Doran survey: the one where the "97 per cent of climate scientists" turned out to consist of just 75 out of 77 climate scientists who could be bothered to reply to two silly and dubious questions.
As for the idea that "science" ever has such a thing as an "overwhelming judgement": this would be news to Galileo, Newton, Einstein and indeed all the great scientists of history, all of whom made their names by advancing theories which completely overturned the "overwhelming judgement" of their contemporaries.
It's probably true, up to a point, that "none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms". But only if you accept that everyone lives in a region susceptible to fires, drought and powerful storms, which not everyone does.
What Obama is presumably trying to slip into that weasel sentence is the notion that "science" is overwhelmingly of the view that raging fires, crippling drought and more powerful storms are increasing as a result of "climate change" (note incidentally how he's careful not to say whether or not it is man-made, thus enabling him to cover all eventualities). But if this is the case, I'd dearly love to see the evidence that this is a) anthropogenic b) controllable or c)historically unprecedented. Certainly, according to this graph at Watts Up With That?, there is nothing particular weird or alarming about recent weather activity. On an index of "Extreme Weather" in the US since 1910, last year – 2012 – ranks a very modest 54th.
Still, for all that, I applaud the President's chutzpah and ingenuity. If you want to expand the size of government as much as he obviously does, there's really no better way than to declare war on reality. Reality is a slippery foe; it has many heads – and no sooner have you cut off one than a thousand more grow in its place; it's everywhere, at all times, and there's no escaping it, meaning you have to mobilise unimaginably large resources if you are to have a hope of defeating it. Which, of course, you never will. Obama's glorious war on reality will be a war without end. Bad luck, America. (But you can't say I didn't warn you.…)
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domingo, 20 de janeiro de 2013

Lula no primeiro lugar

Lula é eleito o político mais corrupto de 2012

Ex-presidente venceu prêmio promovido por movimento anticorrupção

O Estado de S. Paulo
SÃO PAULO - O ex-presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) venceu neste domingo, 20, o Troféu Algemas de Ouro, prêmio criado para eleger o político mais corrupto de 2012. A enquete promovida pelo Movimento 31 de Julho, grupo anticorrupção que atua na internet, foi realizada no Facebook e conseguiu mobilizar mais de 14 mil pessoas.Lula foi acusado pelo publicitário Marcos Valério de ter usado o dinheiro do mensalão para quitar despesas pessoais. Ele venceu o prêmio com 65,69%, o equivalente a 14.547 votos.
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sábado, 19 de janeiro de 2013

O caminho do capitalismo chinês

How China Became Capitalist
By Ronald Coase and Ning Wang
256 pages; Palgrave Macmillan, 2012
A 2010 GlobeScan opinion poll shows
that more Chinese (67 percent)
than Americans (59 percent) strongly or
somewhat agree that “[t]he free market
system and free market economy is the
best system on which to base the future
of the world.” Most analysts never suspected
that the communist giant would,
in three decades, become a capitalist (or
near-capitalist) country and go from one
of the poorest countries in the world to
the second largest economy and the largest
trading nation.
In How China Became Capitalist, Ronald
Coase (the Nobel laureate in economics,
who will celebrate his 102nd birthday a few
days after this review appears) and Ning
Wang (professor in the School of Politics
and Global Studies of Arizona State University)
chronicle how China realized this
incredible feat. For the non-initiated—and
perhaps for the student of Chinese affairs,
too—their book is full of surprises.
How was the miracle accomplished?
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Getúlio Vargas

Getúlio Vargas - Documentário (1974)
Os Fatos que marcaram a vida e a carreira de um dos mais importantes presidentes do país, apontado como o melhor presidente que o Brasil já teve, segundo pesquisas de opinião. O filme mostra seus discursos, o cotidiano da época e o fim trágico do líder, num suicídio que gerou controvérsias. Gaúcho, Vargas governou o Brasil por duas vezes. Uma como presidente eleito legitimamente, outra como ditador. Seu estilo era único. Tinha seguidores fiéis. Sua morte gerou um clima de gigantesca comoção que nunca se repetiu.
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Salman Khan

‘Brasil será exemplo de educação’, aposta Khan

Por Murilo Roncolato
Salman Khan, aos 36 anos, vê o cenário ideal para que a educação mude sua estrutura originada a 200 anos. Acredita que a internet é o lugar para solucionar o mais grave problema das salas de aulas, a falta de interação entre aluno e professor. “Dar aula de história é complicado porque há inúmeras versões. O que é ótimo na internet é que as pessoas assistem ao vídeo e discutem. Uma apostila tradicional, alguém escreve os textos, outro de formação parecida revisa e aquilo chega para todos os alunos de um país.”

Norman Finkelstein

A Indústria do Holocausto
Para o cientista político, Norman Finkelstein, o Holocausto é uma indústria que exibe como vítimas o grupo étnico mais bem-sucedido dos Estados Unidos, permitindo então a apropriação de mais recursos financeiros e, ao mesmo tempo, articular uma campanha de autopromoção por meio da imagem de vítimas...
 Nos últimos anos, a indústria do Holocausto tornou-se uma completa farra de extorsão. [...] O rabino Arthur Hertzberg aborreceu ambos os lados (Nota: organizações para a centralização das indenizações versus judeus independentes), ironizando que “não se trata de justiça, mas de uma luta por dinheiro”. Quando alemães ou suíços recusam pagar compensações, os céus se enchem com as virtuosas indignações das organizações judaicas. Mas quando as elites judaicas roubam os sobreviventes judeus, nenhuma ética é levada em consideração: só se trata de dinheiro. O Holocausto pode vir a se tornar o “maior roubo da história da humanidade” (p. 97, 99 e 145).
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Com funciona criatividade

Imagine: How Creativity Works 

Jonah Lehrer
The profound mysteries of creative thought have long intimidated the world's finest brains. How do you measure the imagination? How do you quantify an epiphany? These daunting questions led researchers to neglect the subject for hundreds of years. In Jonah Lehrer's ambitious and enthralling new book, we go in search of the epiphany. Shattering the myth of creative 'types', Lehrer shows how new research is deepening our understanding of the human imagination. Creativity is not a 'gift' that only some possess. It's a term for a variety of distinct thought processes that we can all learn to use more effectively. Some acts of imagination are best done sipping espresso in a crowded cafe, while others require long walks in a quiet park. Lehrer helps us fit our creative strategies to the task at hand. The journey begins with the fluttering of neurons in the prefrontal cortex, before moving out to consider how this new science can also make neighbourhoods more vibrant, companies more productive and schools more effective. We'll learn about Bob Dylan's writing habits and the drug addiction of poets. We'll see why Elizabethan England experienced a creative explosion, and how Pixar designed its office space to get the most out of its talent. Collapsing the layers separating the neuron from the finished symphony, Imagine reveals the deep inventiveness of the human mind and its essential role in our increasingly complex world.
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sexta-feira, 18 de janeiro de 2013

quinta-feira, 17 de janeiro de 2013

Khan no Brasil


Uma diferença fundamental


Aumente sua produtividade

1. Plan Your Day
While many people rely on their computer’s calendar, writing down events and to-do lists in a day planner or journal forces you to spend a few minutes each day setting short-term goals and prioritizing tasks. Reader Simon Ponce uses the 90-Day Success Planner. Of course, the Franklin Covey planner is a beloved classic. And other readers have discovered The 7-Minute Life Daily Planner by Allyson Lewis, who suggests the strategy of a “5 before 11™” list—the five things you want to accomplish before 11 a.m.

2. List Your Goals
Hopes and dreams remain fantasies until you identify them, write them down and create a plan for achieving them.
...
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Guerra de Vietnã

Vietnam was even more horrific than we thought

Nick Turse's new book "Kill Anything that Moves" reveals that massacres like My Lai were downright common

Now, in Kill Anything that Moves, Nick Turse has for the first time put together a comprehensive picture, written with mastery and dignity, of what American forces actually were doing in Vietnam. The findings disclose an almost unspeakable truth. Meticulously piecing together newly released classified information, court-martial records, Pentagon reports, and firsthand interviews in Vietnam and the United States, as well as contemporaneous press accounts and secondary literature, Turse discovers that episodes of devastation, murder, massacre, rape, and torture once considered isolated atrocities were in fact the norm, adding up to a continuous stream of atrocity, unfolding, year after year, throughout that country.
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Americans have long been taught that events such as the notorious My Lai massacre were isolated incidents in the Vietnam War, carried out by "a few bad apples." But as award‑winning journalist and historian Nick Turse demonstrates in this groundbreaking investigation, violence against Vietnamese noncombatants was not at all exceptional during the conflict. Rather, it was pervasive and systematic, the predictable consequence of orders to "kill anything that moves."
Drawing on more than a decade of research in secret Pentagon files and extensive interviews with American veterans and Vietnamese survivors, Turse reveals for the first time how official policies resulted in millions of innocent civilians killed and wounded. In shocking detail, he lays out the workings of a military machine that made crimes in almost every major American combat unit all but inevitable. Kill Anything That Moves takes us from archives filled with Washington's long-suppressed war crime investigations to the rural Vietnamese hamlets that bore the brunt of the war; from boot camps where young American soldiers learned to hate all Vietnamese to bloodthirsty campaigns like Operation Speedy Express, in which a general obsessed with body counts led soldiers to commit what one participant called "a My Lai a month."
Thousands of Vietnam books later, Kill Anything That Moves, devastating and definitive, finally brings us face‑to‑face with the truth of a war that haunts Americans to this day.
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MEC promove aulas online

MEC quer colocar aulas de universidades federais na internet

Projeto, chamado de Universidade Livre, deve ser concluído ainda neste semestre

Estadão.edu, com Agência Brasil
O Ministério da Educação estuda colocar na internet vídeos com palestras e aulas de universidades públicas federais. O projeto, chamado Universidade Livre, deve começar a funcionar ainda no primeiro semestre deste ano, anunciou o ministro Aloizio Mercadante nesta quarta-feira, 16, em Brasília.
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quarta-feira, 16 de janeiro de 2013

Prouni


Mais informações

Praxeologia do dinheiro

Praxeologia do dinheiro
Assista

Professores milionários

Professores milionários na Coreia do Sul
Assista

Pobreza na América


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Spielberg's Lincoln - mais uma falsificação hollywoodiana

Spielberg's movie lionizes him for freeing the slaves. But some historians are now asking the shocking question: Was Lincoln racist?

By Tom Leonard
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on FacebookThe film currently taking America by storm begins with a black Union cavalryman pausing from the slaughter of the Civil War to recite the Gettysburg Address by heart as the president who gave it trudges past through the mud.
And it ends with Abraham Lincoln in quiet triumph, his work done in seeing slavery banned throughout the nation, and the Confederacy of the American South brought to its knees...
Unfortunately, say historians, its portrayal of America’s most revered president is about as accurate as the notion that an ordinary soldier could have recited the Gettysburg Address from memory when the speech only became famous in the 20th century.
Not only, they say, has Spielberg’s lengthy drama grossly exaggerated Lincoln’s role in ending slavery, but it has also glossed over the president’s rather less likeable qualities.
Very definitely a man of his times, say historians, Lincoln was — certainly by today’s standards — a racist who used the N-word liberally, who believed that whites were superior to blacks and who, having jumped on the emancipation bandwagon rather late in the day, wanted to pack the freed slaves off to hard new lives in plantations abroad.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2261962/Was-Lincoln-racist-Spielberg-film-lionises-historians-asking-shocking-question.html#ixzz2I8npKD00
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

terça-feira, 15 de janeiro de 2013

Exame OAB

Exame da OAB reprova mais de 80% dos candidatos
19.134 candidatos, o equivalente a 16,67%, passaram para a próxima etapa de avaliação
Comentar0CorrigirImprimirDiminuir fonteAumentar fonte
O 9º Exame da Ordem da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil (OAB) teve 83% dos candidatos reprovados na parte objetiva, primeira fase do processo seletivo.
Dos 118.217 inscritos, 114.763 examinandos fizeram a prova. Destes, apenas 19.134, ou 16,67%, foram aprovados para a próxima etapa da avaliação.
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Quem é Obama e o que é que ele quer?



“2016: Obama's America” (2016: A América de Obama, em tradução livre) que tem o subtítulo “ame-o, odeie-o, você não o conhece”. O filme se propõe a mostrar qual seria a verdadeira ideologia de Obama e opõe o que seria o modo de pensar do atual presidente ao sonho americano de liberdade e crescimento. O filme é baseado no livro de seu diretor, Dinesh D'Souza, o best seller “The Roots Of Obama's Rage” (As raízes da raiva de Obama, em tradução livre). O diretor afirma que Obama é a pessoa mais desconhecida que já entrou na Casa Branca e defende a influência do pai de Obama em sua visão de mundo.

O poder corruptivo do poder

"E, lembre-se, quando se tem uma concentração de poder em poucas mãos, freqüentemente homens com mentalidade de gangsters detêm o controle. A história provou isso. Todo o poder corrompe: o poder absoluto corrompe absolutamente.”
Lord Acton

Posições políticas


Vale ler poemas (e assistir óperas)

Ler poesia é mais útil para o cérebro que livros de autoajuda, dizem cientistas

Publicidade
DE SÃO PAULO
Os especialistas descobriram que a poesia "é mais útil que os livros de autoajuda", já que afeta o lado direito do cérebro, onde são armazenadas as lembranças autobiográficas, e ajuda a refletir sobre eles e entendê-los desde outra perspectiva.
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Stalin - segundo novos documentos declassificados

Declassified: Joseph Stalin
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhaMNe6NxOo&feature=player_embedded

A origem de insitutições

“Many human institutions are the result of human action, but not of human design.”
Adam Ferguson

Lincoln - mais um file de mentiras históricas de Spielberg

The British Mail Online trashes the Spielberg Lincoln movie for its grossly inaccurate, fairy tale portrayal of Dishonest Abe (as I did here and here). Citing various "mainstream" historians, the article says the film "grossly exaggerates Lincoln's role in ending slavery" through the Thirteenth Amendment, the theme of the movie. In reality, Lincoln was "a racist who used the N-word liberally, who believed that whites were superior to blacks" and "wanted to pack the freed slaves off to hard new lives on plantations abroad." Lincoln "told racist jokes" and "enjoyed black minstrel shows." This of course is not news to those who have read my numerous LRC articles on Lincoln, or The Real Lincoln and Lincoln Unmasked.
"You might not pick up on this from the almost saintly portrayal" [of Lincoln] in the Spielberg movie, says the Mail.
The Mail smoked out Spielberg's political motivation when it writes of how state-worshipping "commentators" hope the film "might restore Americans' shattered confidence in their political leaders." Our "confidence" is "shattered" by the reality of our "leaders'" actual behavior, so the Hollywood Left is attempting to fill our heads with lies and fantasies in service of the state and statism -- their own true "religion."
The buffoonish Lincoln cultist Harold Holzer is quoted as saying but, but, but, "He [Lincoln] saved the American dream." Not for as many as 850,000 men who died in Lincoln's war (according to the latest research), Harold.

segunda-feira, 14 de janeiro de 2013

Midia e controle social

Mass Media Conspiracy: Lies, Hoaxes & Manipulation (Full Version)

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Have Your Say! Rate This Film!
Rating: 4.0/5 (10 votes cast)
Documentary exposing the deceit in the Media, and how you are manipulated, deceived and fooled around with, to shape and control you and make you believe what they want you to.
“I know the secret of making the average American believe anything I want him to. Just let me control television. Americans are wired into their television sets. Over the last 30 years, they have come to look at their television sets and the images on the screen as reality. You put something on television and it becomes reality. If the world outside the television set contradicts the images, people start changing the world to make it more like the images and sounds of their television. Because its influence is so great, so pervasive, it has become part of our lives. You lose your sense of what is being done to you, but your mind is being shaped and molded.” -Hal Becker, Futures Group think-tank veteran.
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Mao's grande fome

"Between 1958 and 1962, China descended into hell. Mao Zedong threw his country into a frenzy with the Great Leap Forward, an attempt to catch up to and overtake Britain in less than 15 years The experiment ended in the greatest catastrophe the country had ever known, destroying tens of millions of lives." So opens Frank Dikötter's riveting, magnificently detailed chronicle of an era in Chinese history much speculated about but never before fully documented because access to Communist Party archives has long been restricted to all but the most trusted historians. A new archive law has opened up thousands of central and provincial documents that "fundamentally change the way one can study the Maoist era." Dikötter makes clear, as nobody has before, that far from being the program that would lift the country among the world's superpowers and prove the power of Communism, as Mao imagined, the Great Leap Forward transformed the country in the other direction. It became the site not only of "one of the most deadly mass killings of human history,"--at least 45 million people were worked, starved, or beaten to death--but also of "the greatest demolition of real estate in human history," as up to one-third of all housing was turned into rubble). The experiment was a catastrophe for the natural world as well, as the land was savaged in the maniacal pursuit of steel and other industrial accomplishments. In a powerful mesghing of exhaustive research in Chinese archives and narrative drive, Dikötter for the first time links up what happened in the corridors of power-the vicious backstabbing and bullying tactics that took place among party leaders-with the everyday experiences of ordinary people, giving voice to the dead and disenfranchised. His magisterial account recasts the history of the People's Republic of China.
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História escondida - China

Por que a China ignora sua maior crise de fome?

Apesar da catástrofe ter matado cerca de 45 milhões de chineses em apenas quatro anos, não há nenhum registro fotográfico do desastre promovido por Mao Tsé-tung

"...Durante décadas, a União Soviética escondeu seus horrores atrás da Cortina de Ferro. O mais trágico foi a fome provocada por Joseph Stalin na Ucrânia e no sul da Rússia, como resultado do seu programa de coletivização rural forçada, que matou de 7 milhões a 10 milhões de pessoas em 1932 e 1933.

Terras, propriedades, gado, até mesmo casas foram requisitadas, enquanto os camponeses se tornavam funcionários públicos obrigados a produzir cotas de trigo cada vez maiores. Os que resistiam ou tentavam esconder alimentos eram deportados para um gulag ou executados.
Regiões inteiras do interior da Ucrânia tornaram-se zonas de morte. Milhões de pessoas pereceram. Entretanto, Stalin conseguiu que se fizesse um silêncio total sobre a fome, enviando os que murmuravam uma palavra para os campos de trabalho forçado na longínqua Sibéria. Os dados do censo, que deveriam ter mostrado um enorme pico das taxas de mortalidade, foram ocultados durante meio século.
Mas, mesmo antes do colapso da União Soviética, em 1991, os líderes do Partido Comunista da Ucrânia começaram a investigar a carestia nos arquivos do seu próprio partido. Eles descobriram uma quantidade de documentos macabros. Algumas das provas mais chocantes foram as fotografias de crianças morrendo de fome com os crânios reduzidos a caveiras, o esqueleto pressionando a pele, pedindo um pouco de comida na rua em Kharkov, capital da Ucrânia na época da fome....
Um desastre provocado pelo homem de magnitude ainda maior abalou a China no final dos anos 50 e início dos anos 60. Na campanha que denominou de "O Grande Salto para Frente", o presidente Mao Tsé-tung transformou o interior do país em gigantescas fazendas coletivas em 1958, acreditando que elas proporcionariam uma utópica abundância para todos. Assim como na Ucrânia, tudo foi coletivizado: os aldeões foram privados do seu trabalho, da moradia, da terra, dos pertences e do seu sustento.
O experimento acabou na maior catástrofe que o país jamais conheceu. Pelo menos 45 milhões de pessoas morreram de fome em quatro anos, como descobri quando tive acesso, num fato sem precedentes, aos arquivos do Partido Comunista recentemente abertos na China. Li milhares de documentos: relatórios secretos dos Departamentos de Segurança Pública, detalhadas atas de reuniões dos altos escalões do partido, investigações de casos de assassinatos em massa, inquéritos compilados por equipes especiais com a tarefa de determinar as dimensões da catástrofe, pesquisas de opinião secretas e cartas de queixas redigidas por cidadãos comuns....
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Ex ovo


Ensino online

How Free Online Courses Are Changing the Traditional Liberal Arts Education
As tuition costs continue to rise, it seems counterintuitive that professors at top universities would give away their courses for free. But that's exactly what they're doing, on web-based platforms known as "Massive Open Online Courses." Spencer Michels reports on how a boom in online learning could change higher education.
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As midias na era digital

Tucker e o mundo digital

As mídias digitais são ferramentas que o setor privado vem utilizando para driblar uma montanha chamada “governo” — que apesar de todos os gritos para que desobstrua o caminho, recusa a se mover.
É mais ou menos dessa maneira que Jeffrey Tucker descreve o embate entre o novo mundo digital que se abre, principalmente em frente aos mais jovens, e a velha burocracia estatal.
Tucker, editor executivo da editora Laissez Faire Books, falou à Reason.TV sobre tecnologia e a era digital, compara o “mundo digital” ao “mundo físico” do Estado-nação, e arrisca que o nacionalismo será o próximo gatekeeper a ser vencido pelas mudanças no século XXI.
Assista

domingo, 13 de janeiro de 2013

Predição e cientismo

Friedrich Hayek and James Buchanan: Pattern Prediction and Scientism
In this Free To Choose Network archival footage, Friedrich Hayek and James Buchanan discuss one of the most important theoretical problems of economics. Drawing from insights in biology and beyond, both seem to think that current economic theory is rife with problems. Those problems terminate in missing the Austian insight. If they are right, much of today's economics is mere scientism.
Assista

Dada engine (a máquina DADA)

Social realism and dialectic narrative

The essay you have just seen is completely meaningless and was randomly generated by the Postmodernism Generator. To generate another essay, follow this link. If you liked this particular essay and would like to return to it, follow this link for a bookmarkable page.
The Postmodernism Generator was written by Andrew C. Bulhak using the Dada Engine, a system for generating random text from recursive grammars, and modified very slightly by Josh Larios (this version, anyway. There are others out there).
This installation of the Generator has delivered 7521064 essays since 25/Feb/2000 18:43:09 PST, when it became operational.
More detailed technical information may be found in Monash University Department of Computer Science Technical Report 96/264: “On the Simulation of Postmodernism and Mental Debility Using Recursive Transition Networks”. An on-line copy is available from Monash University.
More generated texts are linked to from the sidebar to the right.
If you enjoy this, you might also enjoy reading about the Social Text Affair, where NYU Physics Professor Alan Sokal’s brilliant(ly meaningless) hoax article was accepted by a cultural criticism publication.

Leia MAIS

Vincent


Inovação

Innovation pessimism

Has the ideas machine broken down?

The idea that innovation and new technology have stopped driving growth is getting increasing attention. But it is not well founded

... The argument that the world is on a technological plateau runs along three lines. The first comes from growth statistics. Economists divide growth into two different types, “extensive” and “intensive”. Extensive growth is a matter of adding more and/or better labour, capital and resources. These are the sort of gains that countries saw from adding women to the labour force in greater numbers and increasing workers’ education. And, as Mr Cowen notes, this sort of growth is subject to diminishing returns: the first addition will be used where it can do most good, the tenth where it can do the tenth-most good, and so on. If this were the only sort of growth there was, it would end up leaving incomes just above the subsistence level....

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Progresso tecnológico


Planejamento de ciência não funciona

O fracasso do planejamento central da ciência

..  O ponto em comum que ele identifica é que a tecnologia decola quando os direitos do indivíduo e a propriedade privada são reconhecidos.
Kealey demonstra que, em praticamente todos os casos, as invenções cruciais dos últimos dois séculos e meio foram suscitadas pelo mercado, não inventadas por cientistas trabalhando em torres de marfim. Nisso incluem-se o motor a vapor, algodoeira, fábricas têxteis, estradas de ferro, o revólver, o motor elétrico, telégrafo, telefone, lâmpada incandescente, rádio e o avião – a lista é praticamente infinita....

Acervo digital

Acervo digital é gratuito e reúne mais de 4.700 aulas, com uma parte do material legendado em português
Pense no mundo como uma gigantesca sala de aula, onde o conhecimento, de fato, torna-se universal. Esta realidade não pertence somente ao plano das ideias. Agora, é possível preencher a cadeira de instituições internacionais sem ter que levantar da sua. Tudo online e gratuitamente.
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Educação brasileira

"A única diferença da educação brasileira para o crime organizado é que o crime é organizado" - Olavo de Carvalho.

sexta-feira, 11 de janeiro de 2013

Aborto

Aumenta rejeição ao aborto nos EUA
Time.com
A revista norte-americana Time dedica a matéria de capa desse mês a uma interessante análise sobre a mudança na aceitação do aborto pela população dos Estados Unidos. A reportagem mostra que, embora os defensores de políticas abortistas tenham obtido uma vitória épica há 40 anos atrás, esse grupo está perdendo apoio popular como nunca.
A matéria chega ao público alguns meses depois de uma pesquisa do instituto Gallup apontar uma virada histórica na opinião pública sobre o tema. Em maio, o levantamento mostrou que somente 41% dos norte-americanos se identificam como pro-choice (“pró-escolha”, favoráveis ao aborto) contra 50% que se dizem pro-life. Dedicarei um outro post para falar sobre essa pesquisa.
Assinada pela jornalista Kate Pickert, a matéria da Time resgata o caso que ficou conhecido como Roe versus Wade, de 1973, no qual a Suprema Corte dos Estados Unidos emitiu uma sentença que legalizou o acesso ao aborto em todo o país. Ao comparar essa época com a atual, Kate conclui que há um número muito menor de médicos que aceitam fazer o procedimento, e mesmo o número de clínicas de aborto teria diminuído.
"Os ativistas pro-choice foram ultrapassados por seus adversários pró-vida, que tiveram êxito ao pressionar por regulações estatais que limitassem o acesso ao aborto”, afirma a jornalista (tradução livre).
O texto cita como exemplos de sucesso da ação pró-vida os procedimentos em vigor em alguns estados norte-americanos, como aconselhamentos, período de espera e a necessidade de passar por um ultrassom, que procuram conscientizar mães candidatas a uma cirurgia abortiva sobre as consequências do seu ato para si mesmas e para seu filho.
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Dois irmãos com companheiros


Votar

Josef Stalin: “Those who cast the votes decide nothing. Those who count the votes decide everything.”