quarta-feira, 30 de abril de 2014



  • Ninguém vai entender realmente de POLÍTICA até que entenda que os políticos NÃO estão tentando resolver NOSSOS problemas. Na verdade, estão tentando resolver SEUS PRÓPRIOS problemas, que são ser eleito, em primeiro lugar, e ser reeleito em segundo lugar. O que quer que venha em terceiro lugar fica muito lá para atrás."
    ~ Thomas Sowell

Decisões de tomar nos 20 de edade

10 Key Decisions You Should Make In Your 20s

With many of us taking much longer than our parents or grandparents to finish our education and settle into a career (thanks, crappy economy), it can feel that these days your 20s is one decade-long stint in the waiting room of life.
Sure, it’s generally a time of experimentation, parties and freedom, but as anyone who’s been there recently can tell you, it’s also hugely stressful. And it matters. A lot.

Read more: http://www.inc.com/jessica-stillman/10-smart-things-you-should-do-in-your-20s.html#ixzz30MforJ3B

terça-feira, 29 de abril de 2014

Os benefícios de guerras e conflitos

In the long run, wars make us safer and richer

Noma Bar for The Washington Post
By Ian Morris, Published: April 25

Ian Morris, a professor of classics at Stanford University, is the author of “War! What is it Good For? Conflict and the Progress of Civilization from Primates to Robots.”
 Norman Angell, the Paris editor of Britain’s Daily Mail, was a man who expected to be listened to. Yet even he was astonished by the success of his book “The Great Illusion,” in which he announced that war had put itself out of business. “The day for progress by force has passed,” he explained. From now on, “it will be progress by ideas or not at all.”
He wrote these words in 1910. One politician after another lined up to praise the book. Four years later, the same men started World War I. By 1918, they had killed 15 million people; by 1945, the death toll from two world wars had passed 100 million and a nuclear arms race had begun. In 1983, U.S. war games suggested that an all-out battle with the Soviet Union would kill a billion people — at the time, one human in five — in the first few weeks.
So yes, war is hell — but have you considered the alternatives? When looking upon the long run of history, it becomes clear that through 10,000 years of conflict, humanity has created larger, more organized societies that have greatly reduced the risk that their members will die violently. These better organized societies also have created the conditions for higher living standards and economic growth. War has not only made us safer, but richer, too.
Veja também

segunda-feira, 28 de abril de 2014

Humboldt e Jefferson

Click cover to enlarge.

Humboldt and Jefferson

A Transatlantic Friendship of the Enlightenment

Sandra Rebok

Ebook · 232 pp. · ISBN 9780813935706 · $30.00 · May 2014
Cloth · 232 pp. · 5.5 x 9 · ISBN 9780813935690 · $30.00 · May 2014

Humboldt and Jefferson explores the relationship between two fascinating personalities: the Prussian explorer, scientist, and geographer Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) and the American statesman, architect, and naturalist Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826). In the wake of his famous expedition through the Spanish colonies in the spring of 1804, Humboldt visited the United States, where he met several times with then-president Jefferson. A warm and fruitful friendship resulted, and the two men corresponded a good deal over the years, speculating together on topics of mutual interest, including natural history, geography, and the formation of an international scientific network. Living in revolutionary societies, both were deeply concerned with the human condition, and each vested hope in the new American nation as a possible answer to many of the deficiencies characterizing European societies at the time.
The intellectual exchange between the two over the next twenty-one years touched on the pivotal events of those times, such as the independence movement in Latin America and the applicability of the democratic model to that region, the relationship between America and Europe, and the latest developments in scientific research and various technological projects. Humboldt and Jefferson explores the world in which these two Enlightenment figures lived and the ways their lives on opposite sides of the Atlantic defined their respective convictions.

O começo da 1. guerra mundial

In 1914, Austria-Hungary was a powerful and huge country, larger than Germany, with nearly as many citizens. It had been ruled by Emperor Franz Joseph I since 1848, who had been grooming his nephew, Archduke Franz Ferdinand as the heir to the throne. In this photo, taken in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, a visiting Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Czech Countess Sophie Chotek, are departing a reception at City Hall. Earlier that morning, on the way to the hall, their motorcade had been attacked by one of a group of Serbian nationalist assassins, whose bomb damaged one car and injured dozens of bystanders. After this photo was taken, the Archduke and his wife climbed into the open car, headed for a nearby hospital to visit the wounded. Just blocks away though, the car paused to turn around, directly in front of another assassin, who walked up to the car and fired two shots, killing both Franz Ferdinand and his wife. (AP Photo) #

Assassin Gavrilo Princip (left) and his victim Archduke Franz Ferdinand, both photographed in 1914. Princip, a 19 year old a Bosnian Serb who killed the Archduke, was recruited along with five others by Danilo Ilic, a friend and fellow Bosnian Serb, who was a member of the Black Hand secret society. Their ultimate goal was the creation of a Serbian nation. The conspiracy, assisted by members of Serbia's military, was quickly uncovered, and the attack became a catalyst that would soon set massive armies marching against each other around the world. All of the assassins were captured and tried. Thirteen received medium-to-short prison sentences, including Princip (who was too young for the death penalty, and received the maximum, a 20 year sentence). Three of the conspirators were executed by hanging. Four years after the assassination, Gavrilo Princip died in prison, brought down by tuberculosis, which was worsened by harsh conditions brought on by the war he helped set in motion. (Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek) # Mais


The Confidence Gap

Evidence shows that women are less self-assured than men—and that to succeed, confidence matters as much as competence. Here's why, and what to do about it.

For years, we women have kept our heads down and played by the rules. We’ve been certain that with enough hard work, our natural talents would be recognized and rewarded.
We’ve made undeniable progress. In the United States, women now earn more college and graduate degrees than men do. We make up half the workforce, and we are closing the gap in middle management. Half a dozen global studies, conducted by the likes of Goldman Sachs and Columbia University, have found that companies employing women in large numbers outperform their competitors on every measure of profitability. Our competence has never been more obvious. Those who closely follow society’s shifting values see the world moving in a female direction.

O maior inimigo do conhecimento

domingo, 27 de abril de 2014

A viagem de Ulisses

Capital no século 21

Thomas Piketty’s Sensational New Book

By Hunter Lewis
Thomas Piketty, a 42-year-old economist from French academe has written a hot new book: Capital in the Twenty-First Century. The U.S. edition has been published by Harvard University Press and, remarkably, is leading the best seller list; the first time that a Harvard book has done so. A recent review describes Piketty as the man “who exposed capitalism’s fatal flaw.”
So what is this flaw? Supposedly under capitalism the rich get steadily richer in relation to everyone else; inequality gets worse and worse. It is all baked into the cake, unavoidable.
To support this, Piketty offers some dubious and unsupported financial logic, but also what he calls “a spectacular graph” of historical data. What does the graph actually show?
The amount of U.S. income controlled by the top 10 percent of earners starts at about 40 percent in 1910, rises to about 50 percent before the Crash of 1929, falls thereafter, returns to about 40 percent in 1995, and thereafter again rises to about 50 percent before falling somewhat after the Crash of 2008.

Congresso da AMDE

VI Congresso Anual da AMDE

IBMEC Minas Gerais

agosto 26, 2014 – agosto 27, 2014

VI Congresso da Associação Mineira de Direito e Economia (AMDE) reunirá os estudiosos e interessados na área de Análise Econômica do Direito. O evento tem objetivo de fomentar a produção e permitir a divulgação de conhecimentos, reunindo Economistas, Juristas e todos os demais pesquisadores interessados no IBMEC, em Belo Horizonte, MG.
Eventioz - vi-congresso-anual-da-amde

Informações sobre a Conferência

Licença Creative Commons
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 .

Associação Mineira de Direito e Economia - www.amde.org.br

O terrorismo do obscurantismo

as Open Culture notes, Foucault admitted to his friend John Searle that he intentionally complicated his writings to appease his French audience. Searle claims Foucault told him: “In France, you gotta have ten percent incomprehensible, otherwise people won’t think it’s deep–they won’t think you’re a profound thinker.” When Searle later asked Pierre Bourdieu if he thought this was true, Bourdieu insisted it was much worse than ten percent. You can listen to Searle’s full comments below....
Foucault said that Derrida practiced the method of obscurantisme terroriste (terrorism of obscurantism). We were speaking French. And I said, “What the hell do you mean by that?” And he said, “He writes so obscurely you can’t tell what he’s saying, that’s the obscurantism part, and then when you criticize him, he can always say, ‘You didn’t understand me; you’re an idiot.’ That’s the terrorism part.” And I like that. So I wrote an article about Derrida. I asked Michel if it was OK if I quoted that passage, and he said yes.

Capitalismo do estado

Interferência do governo custou mais de R$ 180 bilhões a estatais brasileiras

  • Nos últimos três anos, Petrobras perdeu 60% de seu valor de mercado, enquanto Eletrobras encolheu 63%
BRASÍLIA — Em 2008, o valor de mercado da Petrobras era cinco vezes superior à da colombiana Ecopetrol. No ano passado, as duas empresas chegaram a valer o mesmo na bolsa. Enquanto a petrolífera vizinha praticamente manteve o seu valor de mercado nos últimos três anos, a estatal brasileira encolheu US$ 137 bilhões, ou 60% desde o fim de 2010. Em reais a Petrobras valia R$ 380,24 bilhões e passou a valer R$ 214, 68 bilhões, um tombo de 43%. Ainda mais acelerada foi a desvalorização da segunda maior empresa controlada pelo governo, excluídos os bancos. Do quarto trimestre de 2010 até o último balanço publicado, no terceiro trimestre de 2013, a Eletrobras viu seu valor de mercado em reais cair 63%: de R$ 26,2 bilhões para R$ 9,6 bilhões, segundo cálculos da consultoria Economatica. Juntas as duas perderam R$ 182,16 bilhões.

Leia mais sobre esse assunto em http://oglobo.globo.com/economia/interferencia-do-governo-custou-mais-de-180-bilhoes-estatais-brasileiras-11832161#ixzz307Swp2GU
© 1996 - 2014. Todos direitos reservados a Infoglobo Comunicação e Participações S.A. Este material não pode ser publicado, transmitido por broadcast, reescrito ou redistribuído sem autorização.


Especialista em álcool afirma que beber até seis litros de cerveja por dia não causa problemas de saúde

Especialista afirmou que beber até seis litros de cerveja por dia não causa problemas para as pessoas. Dr. Kari Poikolainen, que trabalhava para a Organização Mundial de Saúde como perito em álcool, analisou décadas de pesquisas sobre os efeitos da substância.
Ele acredita que consumir bebida alcoolica só se torna prejudicial quando as pessoas ultrapassam 13 garrafas por dia.
O cientista finlandês disse: " O peso da evidência mostra que o consumo moderado é melhor do que abster-se”.
Ele acrescentou que beber um pouco mais de uma garrafa de vinho por dia não prejudica a saúde.
Mas há pessoas que questionam o estudo. Isso porque nenhuma evidência foi apresentada para os resultados obtidos até o momento.


O segredo da criatividade

But the more I’ve written, the more I’ve also noticed that there are universal laws of creativity as well.  Things that, the more I’m in touch with other artists, the more I do my own work, and the more I see who is tapping their potential the most (which is completely different from “success”), have become clear to me apply to practically every artist.
And I think it would help everyone if these universal “laws” became more and more agreed-upon.  Because while it is nice to find your own way, it can make your life so much easier to know there are certain things you just have to do in order to tap that potential within.
The one that keeps coming back to me over and over again is this: one must create every day.
- See more at: http://popchassid.com/one-law-creativity-everyone-needs-follow/#sthash.mx9TREud.dpuf

Além da democracia

Porque a democracia não leva à solidariedade, prosperidade e liberdade, mas sim ao conflito social, a gastos descontrolados e a um governo tirânico.

A democracia é amplamente considerada como o melhor sistema político que se pode imaginar. Na verdade, não é exagero dizer que a democracia tornou-se uma religião secular. A maior fé política na terra. Criticar o ideal democrático é correr o risco de ser considerado um inimigo da sociedade civilizada.

No entanto, é precisamente o que Karel Beckman e Frank Karsten se propõe fazer. Neste livro provocativo e de fácil leitura, eles enfrentam o último tabu político: a idéia de que a nossa salvação está na democracia.

Mises Brazil Com argumentos simples e diretos, eles mostram que a democracia, em contraste com a crença popular, não leva à liberdade, à prosperidade, à civilização, à paz e ao Estado de Direito, mas sim ao contrário: à perda da liberdade, aos conflitos sociais, aos enormes gastos do governo, a um menor nível de vida e à subversão dos direitos individuais.

Em apenas 110 páginas, eles desfazem 13 grandes mitos que são geralmente usados para defender a democracia. Adicionalmente, eles oferecem uma alternativa interessante: uma sociedade baseada na liberdade individual e nas relações sociais voluntárias.

Você já se questionou porque é que o governo continua crescendo e a dívida pública está cada vez maior, enquanto a sua liberdade e prosperidade estão cada vez mais ameaçadas? Depois de ler este livro, você não vai se questionar mais - você vai saber porque é que está acontecendo e o que pode ser feito para alterar.

Além da democracia é um livro inovador e fascinante para todos aqueles que desejam compreender melhor a crise econômica e os atuais problemas sociais.

Mudança das mudanças

And the Next Big Thing Is ... Degrowth?

This is not doom-and-gloom for society--it is only doom-and-gloom for the current unsustainable arrangement (Plan A).

The Grand Narrative of the past few centuries goes something like this: from religious authority to secular authority, from agriculture to industrial, from rural to urban, from local to global, from periphery to center, from decentralized to centralized, from low-density energy to high-density energy (from wood to coal to oil/natural gas), from industrial to communication technology, from gold to fiat currencies, from linear to non-linear (complex/fractal), from local scarcity and high cost to global abundance, from islands of prosperity to continents of prosperity, from cash to credit, from collateral to leverage,from productive to consumerist and from sustainable to unsustainable.

sábado, 26 de abril de 2014

A tirania dos experts

The Tyrany of ExpertsWilliam Easterly; Professor of Economics, New York University; moderated by Ian Vasquez, Director, Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity, Cato Institute.
The technocratic approach to ending global poverty favored by development experts often strengthens authoritarian governments and neglects or undermines the preferences and personal choices of poor people. William Easterly will explain why a different branch of economics emerged for poor countries and how it has served the interests of decisionmakers in powerful countries, political leaders in poor countries, and humanitarians in rich countries. Join us to hear Professor Easterly make a case in favor of liberty that has so far been disregarded by the experts: poverty can only be ended and development sustained by respecting the individual rights of the world’s poor. 

A queda da república romana


The Fall of the Republic

For nearly five centuries, Res Publica Romana—the Roman Republic—bestowed upon the world a previously unseen degree of respect for individual rights and the rule of law. When the republic expired, the world would not see those wondrous achievements again on a comparable scale for a thousand years.
In print and from the podium, I have addressed the calamitous economic policies that ate away the vitals of Roman society. I’ve emphasized that no people who lost their character kept their liberties. But what about the republic as a form of governance—the structure of representation, the Senate and popularly elected assemblies, laws for the limitation of power and protection of property, and the Roman Constitution itself? Did those ancient institutions abruptly disappear or were they eroded through “salami tactics,” one slice at a time?

Reis 1910

Nine kings gather to mourn the death of King Edward VII (1910)
This may very well be the most kings ever photographed at once. Represented are Norway, Bulgaria, Portugal, the German Empire, Greece, Belgium, Spain, Great Britain, and Denmark.
Nine European Sovereigns at Windsor for the funeral of King Edward VII in May of 1910, four years before the war began. Standing, from left to right: King Haakon VII of Norway, Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria, King Manuel II of Portugal, Kaiser Wilhelm II of the German Empire, King George I of Greece and King Albert I of Belgium. Seated, from left to right: King Alfonso XIII of Spain, King-Emperor George V of the United Kingdom and King Frederick VIII of Denmark. Within the next decade, Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Ferdinand's empires would engage in bloody warfare with the nations led by King Albert I and King George V. The war was also a family affair, as Kaiser Wilhelm II was a first cousin to King George V, and an uncle to King Albert I. Of the remaining monarchs pictured, over the next decade one would be assassinated (Greece), three would keep their nations neutral (Norway, Spain, and Denmark), and two would be forced out of power by revolutions. (W. & D. Downey) #

sexta-feira, 25 de abril de 2014

Como aprender mais rápido

Chris Lonsdale is Managing Director of Chris Lonsdale & Associates, a company established to catalyse breakthrough performance for individuals and senior teams. In addition, he has also developed a unique and integrated approach to learning that gives people the means to acquire language or complex technical knowledge in short periods of time.

Jan-21-2014 Update. The video transcripts are now available via the following links:

English Only:

English + Chinese Translation:

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)

Ciência como ela é

What does real scientific work look like? As neuroscientist Stuart Firestein jokes: It looks a lot less like the scientific method and a lot more like "farting around ... in the dark." In this witty talk, Firestein gets to the heart of science as it is really practiced and suggests that we should value what we don't know -- or "high-quality ignorance" -- just as much as what we know.

TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and much more.
Find closed captions and translated subtitles in many languages at http://www.ted.com/translate

Follow TED news on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tednews
Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED

Cada vez mais inteligente

In 1900, only 3% of Americans practiced professions that were deemed "cognitively demanding." Today, 35% of us do, and we have all learned to be flexible in the way that we think about problems. In this fascinating and fast-paced spin through the cognitive history of the 20th century, moral philosopher James Flynn makes the case that changes in the way we think have had surprising (and not always positive) consequences.

TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and much more.
Find closed captions and translated subtitles in many languages at http://www.ted.com/translate

Follow TED news on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tednews
Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED

Subscribe to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/TEDtalksD...


Foucault escrevia textos obscuros de propósito para parecer "profundo"

Foucault deve ser lido. É um pensador influente do século, gostemos ou não, estando ele quase sempre equivocado ou não. Se pretende-se criticá-lo é obrigatório lê-lo. O mesmo para Marx e os demais gurus da inteligentsia esquerdista. Já tive a oportunidade de escrever um texto bastante crítico ao autor.

É natural que sendo o deus que é para a academia nacional, comprei brigas grandes com colegas e amigos. É sabido da minha crítica ao pós-modernismo e seu relativismo radical, mas um aspecto que costuma ser deixado de lado é o caráter confuso, obscuro e quase crítico de tais autores, especialmente os radicados em França.

Chega ao meu conhecimento hoje uma confissão de própria boca de Foucault que o próprio teria sido "obrigado" a ser obscuro. Isso mesmo! Tal como desconfiávamos e afirmávamos, a coisa era intencional e não por acaso.

A revista Open Culture traz um relato do amigo de Foucaul, John Searle, de onde tirou uma confissão da obscuridade proposital do autor. Foucault obscurecia seus textos propositalmente para adequar-se aos padrões de escrita franceses. Searle disse que Foucault o contou: "Na França você deve ser dez por cento incompreensível, do contrário as pessoas não pensarão que se trata de algo profundo, elas não vão pensar que você é um autor profundo". Quando Searle posteriormente perguntou a Bordieu se ele considerava isso verdade. Bordieu afirmou que era muito pior que dez por cento.

As palavras de Searle podem ser ouvidas aqui

Mistérios da arqueologia

A civilização humana está na Terra por pouco tempo (em comparação com os 4,5 bilhões de anos do planeta). E mesmo em tão pouco tempo de existência, muitos mistérios ainda cercam civilizações e objetos antigos. Aqui estão 12 descobertas misteriosas e estranhas feitas pelos arqueólogos. A ciência ainda tem de explicá-las completamente.


Smoking is good for you

Every week we read that something we believe is bad for us actually has beneficial health effects. This week it's coffee, before that it was pizza - and every other day it's red wine. But can these stories really be true? That depends how you interpret the facts. To demonstrate, Ian Sample 'scientifically proves' the benefits of a few risky pastimes

quinta-feira, 24 de abril de 2014



“The purpose of the university is not to make its members feel secure, content, or good about themselves, but to provide a forum for the new, the provocative, the disturbing, the unorthodox, even the shocking – all of which can be profoundly offensive to many, inside as well as outside its walls… .
“I do not think the university is or should attempt to be a political or a philanthropic, or a paternalistic or a therapeutic institution. It is not a club or a fellowship to promote harmony and civility, important as those values are.
“It is a place where the unthinkable can be thought, the unmentionable can be discussed, and the unchallengeable can be challenged. That means, in the words of Justice Holmes, ‘not free thought for those who agree with us but freedom for the thought we hate.’”
Real education is challenging, focuses on the biggest issues, and engages the hardest controversies fully. Especially in higher education — no shirking, no cowardice, and no excuses.


Medieval bishop's theory resembles modern concept of multiple universes

Medieval bishop's theory resembles modern concept of multiple universes
Image of the world. Bibliothèque de France, Fr.14964, fol. 117
A 13th century bishop's theory about the formation of the universe has intriguing parallels with the theory of multiple universes. This was uncovered by the the Ordered Universe project at Durham University, which has brought together researchers from humanities and the sciences in a radically collaborative way

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2014-04-medieval-bishop-theory-resembles-modern.html#jCp

A vitória da razão

Rodney Stark – The Victory of Reason

The Victory of ReasonNa mesma linha do anterior, mas olhando para um passado ainda mais remoto, o sociólogo Rodney Stark se pergunta qual é o diferencial do Ocidente. Sua conclusão: o valor dado à razão, inicialmente na filosofia grega e depois no Cristianismo. Sua tese é polêmica e talvez careça de algum rigor, mas garanto que todo mundo aprenderá coisas novas com esse volume, seja na relação de discussões teológicas da Antiguidade com os nossos tempos ou ao conhecer o fascinante mundo da economia medieval, que já tinha mercado financeiro, especulação cambial, multinacionais, apólices de seguro, contabilidade e até industrialização. Nas margens de um balanço, algum contador do século XIII escreveu “em nome de Deus e do lucro”. Pacatos monastérios transformavam-se em empresas e fábricas tocadas por monges em voto de pobreza; é, a história não segue as categorias e os períodos que aprendemos na escola. As realidades do mercado, bem como sua cultura dinâmica, vibrante e variada são constantes da história

Inteligência e pessoalidade

Personality and IQ have traditionally been viewed as distinct domains of human functioning. However, research over the past three decades suggests that IQ is a personality trait. In an excellent book chapter in The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence, personality neuroscientist Colin DeYoung points out that many personality traits involve cognitive processes and abilities. It’s just that IQ is primarily measured with ability tests, whereas personality tests are primarily measured with questionnaires. But this is more a reflection of a lack of ingenuity on the part of psychologists than a real difference in domain of human functioning.

Império Romano

Top 10 Worst Roman Emperors

Machbuba e Pückler

Taschenbuch erzählt die rührende Geschichte der Sklavin Machbuba und des Fürsten Pückler
Category: society
Taschenbuch erzählt die rührende Geschichte der Sklavin Machbuba und des Fürsten Pückler
Cottbus / Muskau – Die rührende Geschichte der blutjungen äthiopischen Sklavin Machbuba und des merklich älteren deutschen Fürsten Hermann von Pückler-Muskau ist jetzt in einem Taschenbuch des Wiesbadener Autors Ernst Probst nachzulesen. Das kleine, aber feine Werk trägt den Titel „Machbuba. Die Sklavin und der Fürst“ (ISBN 978-3-640-62297-9), umfasst 134 Seiten und ist reich bebildert. Diese Lovestory ist bei „GRIN Verlag für akademische Texte“ unter der Internetadressehttp://www.grin.com/e-book/150529/machbuba-die-sklavin-und-der-fuerst als gedrucktes Taschenbuch für 18,99 Euro oder als elektronisches E-Book im PDF-Format für 13,99 Euro erhältlich.

Machbuba (um 1823-1840) war die berühmte Sklavin und exotische Geliebte des deutschen Fürsten Hermann Fürst von Pückler-Muskau (1785–1871). Die dunkelhäutige Schönheit aus Äthiopien wurde von dem Fürsten auf dem Sklavenmarkt in Afrika gekauft. Danach war sie seine Reisebegleiterin, Krankenpflegerin und Geliebte. Ihr Grab liegt auf dem Friedhof von Bad Muskau in der Oberlausitz (Sachsen), wo sie jung starb. Der Name Machbuba bedeutet zu deutsch „Die Goldene“ oder „Mein Liebling“. Ihr eigentlicher Name war Ajiamé.

Fürst Hermann von Pückler-Muskau gilt als eine der schillerndsten Persönlichkeiten des 19. Jahrhunderts. Er verkehrte in Europa, Afrika und Asien mit Kaisern, Königen und anderen Herrschern, erlebte viele Abenteuer, war als Autor erfolgreich und machte sich als Schöpfer großartiger Parkanlagen in seinen Schlössern Muskau (Sachsen) und Branitz   (Brandenburg) einen Namen. An ihn erinnert das Fürst-Pückler-Eis, das nach ihm benannt wurde.

A origem da 2. Guerra Mundial

The Chief Culprit: Stalin's Grand Design to Start World War II Paperback

O começo da 2. Guerra Mundial

Stalin’s Grand Design to Start World War II

"... Stalin manipulated events with the intent of drawing the western powers (Germany, France, Great Britain, and ultimately the United States) into a war of exhaustion, after which the Soviet Union would move west and spread communism throughout a spent continent. Things went according to plan up to this point – so far, so good.  Stalin manipulated events that drew Great Britain and France into war with Germany.  So, what is special about June 13, 1941 – just a few days before Hitler invaded the Soviet Union?  Suvorov suggests that events on and around this date make clear that Stalin was within weeks of invading Germany…had not Hitler beat him to the punch.

quarta-feira, 23 de abril de 2014


"But we all know how our laws are made. We have all been behind the scenes, we know that they are the product of covetousness, trickery, and party struggles; that there is not and cannot be any real justice in them."
-- Leo Tolstoy, _The Kingdom of God Is Within You_ , trans. Constance Garnett (New York: Barnes and Noble, 2005 [original Russian composition 1893]), p. 90.

Aprenda alemão



Everything You Need to Know to Rebuild Civilization from Scratch

Everything You Need to Know to Rebuild Civilization from Scratch
Lewis Dartnell is an astrobiologist in England who wants to help you save the world after civilization collapses. To that end, he's written a book called The Knowledge: How to Rebuild Our World from Scratch. It's the one post-apocalyptic guide you'll ever need. We've got an excerpt.

terça-feira, 22 de abril de 2014

In vino veritas

Bottle of wine a day 'is not bad for you': Leading scientist also claims those who exceed recommended dose could live longer than teetotallers

  • Alcohol expert claims that a bottle of wine a day won't harm your health
  • Adds it only becomes harmful when people consume more than 13 units per day
  • Dr Kari Poikolainen says moderate drinking is better than abstaining
If you like to unwind with a glass of wine, then this might be the news you’ve been waiting for. Because according to a leading scientist, drinking just over a bottle a day won’t harm your health.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2608193/Bottle-wine-day-not-bad-Leading-scientist-claim-exceed-recommended-does-live-longer-teetotallers.html#ixzz2zcEYyFqd
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segunda-feira, 21 de abril de 2014

Cursos online gratuitos

Fundação Getúlio Vargas disponibiliza cursos online gratuitos

Direito, administração e história são alguns dos temas

A Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV) disponibiliza cursos online gratuitos voltados a diferentes áreas do saber, como direito, administração, história, comunicação, gestão financeira, entre outras. As aulas em vídeo podem ser acompanhadas a qualquer momento.
A carga horária varia entre cinco e 30 horas por curso, e há entrega de certificado virtual para quem tirar nota acima de 7 no teste final.
A Fundação faz parte do OpenCourseWare Consortium, um consórcio de instituições de ensino de diversos países que oferecem conteúdos e materiais didáticos gratuitamente.
Para ter acesso aos cursos, basta acessar o site da FGV.

Política de desenvolvimento

Almost from the birth of “development” as a concept in modern political economy, poverty has been regarded as a problem in search of technical solutions. The key, we’re told, is finding the correct mixture of policies to promote agriculture, reform financial markets or improve health. With the right mix of prescriptions, results come down mostly to ­implementation.

Mistérios da natureza

10 Discoveries Unexplained by Science

April 20, 2014, 9:00 AM
How do placebo pills reduce pain and even improve symptoms in Parkinson's patients?What causes fireballs to allegedly shoot from Thailand's Mekong River? And what is making that insanely annoying humming noise in Taos, New Mexico? This and other mysteries are featured in this video of 10 discoveries that science has yet to explain:

Jesse Owens

Adolf Hitler, Jesse Owens and the Olympics Myth of 1936

Mr. Shenkman is the editor of HNN.
Everyone knows that at the 1936 Olympics Hitler snubbed Jesse Owens. As the story goes, after Owens won one gold medal, Hitler, incensed, stormed out of Olympic Stadium so he wouldn't have to congratulate Owens on his victory.
Such a performance would have been perfectly in character, but it didn't happen. William J. Baker, Owens's biographer, says the newspapers made up the whole story. Owens himself originally insisted it wasn't true, but eventually he began saying it was, apparently out of sheer boredom with the issue.
The facts are simple. Hitler did not congratulate Owens, but that day he didn't congratulate anybody else either, not even the German winners. As a matter of fact, Hitler didn't congratulate anyone after the first day of the competition. That first day he had shaken hands with all the German victors, but that had gotten him in trouble with the members of the Olympic Committee. They told him that to maintain Olympic neutrality, he would have to congratulate everyone or no one. Hitler chose to honor no one.
- See more at: http://hnn.us/article/571#sthash.acBLq6XV.dpuf

Gastos do governo

sábado, 19 de abril de 2014

Alemanha oriental

Fotos incríveis da Alemanha Oriental antes e depois da queda do Muro de Berlim
Veja mais


Climate Change Alarmist Reverses Course In Bombshell Interview

"I don’t think anybody really knows what’s happening. They just guess.”

Photo Credit:  Bruno Comby (Creative Commons)
Geophysicist James Lovelock, who has dedicated much of his career over the past four decades to increasing adherence to the principles of man-caused global warming, is now apparently what his colleagues would derisively call a “denier.”
In an interview with the BBC earlier this month, he contended that the United Nations ripped many of its recent climate change allegations straight from a book he wrote nearly a decade ago.
“The last [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] report is very similar to the statements I made in my book,” he said, referencing 2006’s ‘The Revenge of Gaia. “It’s almost as if they’ve copied it.”
Making matters worse, Lovelock has since debunked his own research and no longer subscribes to the alarmist rhetoric contained therein.
“I’m not funded by some government department or commercial body or anything like that,” he said of his recent change of heart. “If I make a mistake, then I can go public with it – and you have to, becaue it is only by making mistakes that you can move ahead.”
Those receiving generous grants to push an agenda, however, presumably have no such latitude.
“They all talk,” Lovelock said, “they pass laws, they do things, as if they knew what was happening. I don’t think anybody really knows what’s happening. They just guess.”

Read more at http://www.westernjournalism.com/climate-change-alarmist-reverses-course-bombshell-interview/#LVpDgrtuBDX5b64U.99


Investimento do governo Dilma em publicidade é 3 vezes maior que o da Coca-Cola

O governo Dilma encerrou 2013 com um investimento em publicidade três vezes superior ao da Coca-Cola.
Dilma230113BMaior vencedora do Top of Mind, a Coca-Cola investiu, segundo os dados do Ibope Monitor, 778.994 milhões em publicidade durante o ano passado. O Planalto despejou R$ 2,313 bilhões no mercado – a maior parte no segundo semestre, quando a popularidade da presidente começou a cair. 
É a primeira vez que o governo federal atinge essa marca. Em comparação ao orçamento de 2012, o crescimento ficou mais de 1 ponto acima da inflação.
Renault, Sky, Chevrolet, Postos Ipiranga, Volks e Ambev são algumas das outras gigantes que ficaram atrás do PT nos reclames.

sexta-feira, 18 de abril de 2014

Caminhos da infelizidade

4 Things We Pursue That Are Pretty Much Guaranteed To Make Us Unhappy

Dec. 18, 2013
Charlie is a coach at Kickass Academy. He teaches men to create their dream lives by practicing courage and ...
Everyone wants to be happier, but no one thinks to ask how. We assume we know what we need to be doing. After all we’ve seen the movies. We watch the Academy Awards. We’ve seen the smiling faces of our almost certainly more fulfilled friends on Facebook. But it’s all a trick. All the things we’ve been conditioned to think will finally bestow happiness upon as are empty. Take, for example . . . Mais